What is Linux ?
Linux is a free and open-source operating system built on the Linux kernel. It was first released by Linux Torvalds on 17th September 1991. A group of operating systems that use the name ‘Linux’ similarly assert that many Linux distributions share the Linux kernel.
What is a Kernel?
The kernel is the operating system’s brain since it supervises processes and manages the memory of the device. The system libraries make it easier to access kernel features.
The commands are the instruments of the system. Moreover, additional tools and libraries built by programmers to produce workable apps are referred to as development tools.
The usage of Linux is very high among web servers. Therefore, the majority of the web servers run on Linux-based operating systems.
Even though operating systems like Windows and macOS are more popular for personal use but, Linux is gradually gaining demand among the masses.
What is ubuntu?
Ubuntu is an open-source and free operating system and belongs to the Linux family. In addition, there are several versions of Ubuntu available in the market. These include Ubuntu Desktop for personal use, Ubuntu Servers, and Ubuntu Core for a network of physical devices, i.e. Internet of Things (IoT).
Moreover, Ubuntu is based on the Linux kernel and is one of the Linux distributions. It was a project started by South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth.
Also, Ubuntu is the most-used Linux-based operating system for desktop installations. Above all, it is easy to install, and simplicity is one of its key features.
Similarities between linux and ubuntu
- Both Linux and Ubuntu free and open source.
- Both Linux and Ubuntu are based on the Linux kernel.
- Linux and Ubuntu support multi-user.
- Both Linux and Ubuntu allow multitasking and multithreading.
- Both Linux and Ubuntu allow multiprocessing.
- They are highly secure and stable.
Comparison between linux and ubuntu
|Linux has several distributions based on the Linux kernel.||Ubuntu is one of the distributions based on the Linux kernel.|
|Server, embedded-based varieties are available.||Server, core, desktop-based varieties are available.|
Ease of Use
|The command-line interface is challenging to use for a home user.||Desktop-based Linux distribution, more user-friendly as compared to Linux.|
|Unix-like architecture which provides more robustness.||Ubuntu hardly crashes when any component misbehaves, making it robust.|
|Components are easily available and replaceable.||Being made on Linux kernel makes it a lot more flexible.|
|Very reliable and makes it a worthy business.||Highly reliable and won’t crash even after months of usage.|
|Linux forum support is receptive.||Forum support still needs to be improved as compared other Linux distributions.|
Linux vs. Ubuntu – Advantages and Disadvantages
Advantages of Linux
- Open Source – Linux is an open-source operating system. Hence, its source code is easily available for everyone. The code can be distributed, modified, and enhanced.
- Software Updates – Linux encounters a larger number of software updates. However, these updates are much faster than any other operating system.
- Free to Use – In addition, Linux is freely available on the internet to download and use. Moreover, there is n need to buy the license for it as Linux and many of its software come with GNU General Public License.
- Privacy – Linux ensures the privacy of user’s data because it never collects data from the user.
- Performance – Linux provides high performance across various networks. Also, it allows a large number of users to work simultaneously.
Disadvantages of Linux
- Hardware drivers – Most users are dissatisfied because some hardware drivers are not available for Linux.
- Gaming – Gaming is a rising sector that tempts many users. However, most of the games are made for Windows but not for Linux.
- Software Alternative – Software available for Windows and Mac are not compatible with Linux. For instance, Photoshop is a powerful photo editing software available for Windows. However, it is not available for Linux OS and the alternatives are not good enough.
- Learning Curve – Linux uses the command-line interface. Thus, it is difficult to understand and use than other operating systems. Finding solutions to problems in the operating system is quite hard.
Advantages of Ubuntu
- Completely Customizable – Ubuntu is customizable from the moment it is installed. Moreover, the latest version uses the GNOME desktop environment which allows to personalize virtually every single element of your UI/UX.
- Ubuntu Runs Without Installation – Ubuntu can run directly from a usb device (such as a pendrive) without installation. Hence, it can be booted onto another workstation and worked upon.
- Command Line – Ubuntu comes with default support for Bash in its command line along with a variety of other commands that make working on servers, development environments, and local files a lot easier.
- Resource-Friendly – Ubuntu can run on older hardware far better than Windows.
Disadvantages of Ubuntu
- Limited Functionality – Firstly, Ubunutu has a limited choices of applications. Major developers prefer developing for Microsoft Corporation and Apple Inc.
- Gaming – It is not an operating system for gaming enthusiasts.
- Hardware Compatibility – Users have reported driver issues or compatibility between the operating system and the hardware specifications of their computers.
Linux Vs. Ubuntu – Conclusion
Ubuntu is powered by the Linux kernel. To interact with the computer’s hardware, it uses a Linux-like architecture. Ubuntu commands comply with the same guidelines as other Linux distributions, but it also has its own set of guidelines and features.
Ubuntu is a Graphical User Interface (GUI) based operating system that competes with Windows and Mac OS X. On top of the graphical user interface, Ubuntu has a security feature that is comparable to other Linux distributions such as Fedora, Debian, and others. Ubuntu is primarily responsible for the increased exposure of Linux-based operating systems.
When Ubuntu was declared in 2004, Linux had already been there for some time. Other Linux-based distributions, despite sharing the same kernel, were primarily server-based and were not as user-friendly as Ubuntu.
It was Ubuntu’s debut release, and it helped spread Linux far and wide among home and corporate users. Moreover, Linux may be installed on a variety of computer devices, including smartphones, laptops, and tablets. Also, it is often used in servers.
Despite the fact that it does not have the same level of popularity as macOS and Windows on the desktop, Ubuntu-like Linux distributions continue to grow in popularity in this region.
Interested viewers can check out the article on Open Source Software by clicking here.