Git Vs. GitHub: How can we get started with it?
Any person who ever tried their luck with coding for WordPress must have come across these very useful tools named Git and GitHub. But most people found it difficult to understand the basic difference in the concept of Git and GitHub.
Understanding the difference in the function of both Git and GitHub can be helpful for a coder’s development process. These tools can streamline your development process and, in some cases, the wise integration of both can be beneficial.
The difference between Git and GitHub
Anyone hearing about Git Vs. GitHub for the first time might make a connection that isn’t so obvious.
Now a question arises, “What is the difference between Git and GitHub? Before answering that question let’s discuss, “What are Git and GitHub?”
What is Git?
Git is an open-source version control system that is used to handle projects varying from small to large at great efficiency. This software keeps a track of changes in a group of files and can also coordinate work between programmers working on source code together during software development.
It was created back in the year 2005 by Linus Torvalds with the motive of developing Linux Kernels. Other Kernel developers Contributed to its initial development. Junio Hamano is the core maintainer since 2005.
The main aim of Git is speed and data integrity. It also supports distributed and non-linear workflows. Hence proved, it is a high-quality version control system. Now the question arises, “What is GitHub?”
What is GitHub?
To be precise, GitHub is a website and a cloud-based service that can help developers manage and also store their codes. A person can manage and track the changes in their code. It is designed as a cloud-based Git repository hosting service.
Unlike Git, it is only for-profit companies. It has a user-friendly interface. It is also widely used by people to manage other types of projects.
The services of GitHub were developed by Chris Wanstrath, P.J. Hyett, Tom Preston-Werner, and Scott Chacon. The company initially existed in 2007 in San Francisco but officially started in February 2008.
In order to proceed further, a person needs to understand briefly Version Control.
So, Version control is the term used for a system that tracks and records changes in a set of files called “versions”. To be precise these versions help you to track the changes in your project and code over time. A person can actually undo them as well. You can compare, differentiate and revert changes between two versions of a project. This feature becomes really helpful when it comes to working on big projects. Larger projects contain several people working on the code. It might lead to conflicts. Version control can be used to resolve these conflicts.
Another term associated with version control is the version control system. It is a system that is responsible for the versioning of the codes. For an instance, you can consider it as a database. In this database, the version control system keeps a track of your project by taking snapshots and stores them as versions. These snapshots can be used to switch and compare versions as per requirements.
Often people get confused between VCS and a deployment system. So, the basic difference between a deployment system and a VCS is that VCS completely eliminates the need of changing the toolchain but a deployment system doesn’t.
Major advantages of Version control
So, here we have listed some of the advantages of version control –
1.) It prevents chaos among people, willing to use their own development process with different tools and hence support a proper workflow.
2.) It helps to track the changes done in code over time as each version comes with a description describing the changes done before.
3.) It ensures that the changes made over time don’t contradict others using the same repository and hence promotes a synchronized environment.
4.) It maintains a history of all the alterations done to a particular code which can be used to inspect why and when the changes were actually done. Thus, it provides a transparent environment to all the people working on a project.
5.) The VCS automation features include the generation of consistent results by performing testing, code analysis and deployment whenever a new version is saved. This saves a lot of time.
How is Git and GitHub related to Version control?
Let’s understand with a real-life example. Let’s compare your face with Facebook. What is Facebook? You can say Facebook is an online database of your real face. Just like that GitHub is a service used for hosting Git repositories and Git is used to control file versions. To be precise, Git and GitHub are different entities that are used to manage and host files.
What is Git Vs. GitHub? – A brief overview
It is easier to collaborate using Git with the help of GitHub. When we combine Git with GitHub, we get Git, a source code version management system that allows you to manage and monitor the history of your code, and GitHub, a cloud-based service that allows you to manage Git repositories. If you have Git-based open-source projects, GitHub is designed to help you manage them better.
Both Git and GitHub provide programmers with valuable version-control functionality, allowing them to work on ongoing coding projects without fear of causing problems. GitHub goes a step farther than Git, providing extra features and tools as well as a location to save and work on projects online.
Git Vs. GitHub: The comparison Table
|1.||It’s a software.||It’s a service.|
|2.||GIT helps you to track changes in source code over time.||GITHUB provides hosting services for GIT repository|
|3.||It can be installed on the system locally.||It can be hosted on the web.|
|4.||It is a command-line tool.||It has a graphical user interface.|
|5.||It keeps track of code changes in a repository.||It serves as a platform for bringing teams together in a collaborative endeavor.|